The different candidates for the future government of Spain, whatever their color, aim to intervene in the labor market in order to decrease the unemployment rate. The interventionist role of the government could be debatable, but in a welfare state like Spain, within the old Europe, it is practically unquestionable.
Many political forces argue that high unemployment rates slow down the economy, slow down the growth of GDP and, therefore, consumption. Although all this does not stop being true, from my point of view, the most serious consequences that unemployment causes are those of social type: diminution of the purchasing power, reduction of the middle class, increase of the delinquency, destabilization of the families , etc etc. And it is for these reasons that the job, now more than ever, It must be a priority for our future.
Comparison of the proposed measures on employment
The main lines of action proposed by the main political parties in this aspect are shown in the comparative table. This table gives us an idea of the initiatives that are proposed to take. Some of them, mere "toasts in the sun", little concrete and less developed, simply outline the hopes and / or reinforce the fears that each citizen may have.
But the truth is that many Spaniards can dream of the following job aspirations:
- Ease of employment: if you want to work you can work, regardless of age, sex or training.
- Dignityin employment: any work will be worthy and treated as such.
- Flexibility: employment can adapt to the vital and professional moments of each person.
- Felicidad: Work will be a source of happiness, enthusiasm, learning, professional growth or personal maturity. Or, why not ?, of all this.
What employment measures could have a real impact?
To achieve these principles, all efforts must be put into some of the initiatives that political parties show, but it is utopian to make large electoral lists without a common thread.
For this reason, those who for many years have advised on employment, we are clear that there are more efficient policies than others to promote employment. Among them we can highlight these five:
- Unemployment benefits that incite the search. The human being without challenges is dying. The progress is consubstantial to the human being, is what differentiates us from the rest of the animal kingdom. To progress you have to work. Therefore, on more occasions than we believe, the unemployment benefit is the biggest enemy of employment. Benefits should charge in descending order (and non-linear) over time. It would help human beings to see the end and boost the search for employment.
- La Aid for entering the labor market must be mandatory. Here the Public Administration must collaborate (6.500 millions of annual are currently invested and only the 2,1% of employees have found work thanks to the Public Employment Office: Does it work?) And companies. More than 80% of people who actively participate in private relocation programs get employment in a third, less, of the time than the rest. Companies that help employees involuntarily unlinked to seek a new job, should be subsidized per employee if they get work in less than 6 months. Social Security would increase its collection in times of transition and the labor market would flow more transparently and actively.
- Agreements and legislation of the 21st century. Since Luther died and the industrial revolution was a historic landmark, why put doors to the countryside? We learned a lot in the 20th century, but now we have to get people to work whenever they want, whatever they want, for whoever they want and why they want to.
- The Dutch, American or English legislations have long ago the possibility of being . (freedom), while we call them "false self-employed", since we do not have a clear and concrete legal framework.
- The people whose passion is their work are forced to stop contributing at a certain age, since if they continue to do so, they put their pension at risk. We force many of those who have accumulated wisdom during a lifetime to perform other tasks that, perhaps, do not contribute so much to society or themselves.
- People must work in the perfect balance environment that their company and their life moment requires. If we seek a balance between two parties (company and worker), we must propose regulatory frameworks that are sufficiently broad to be understood by them. Each "labor marriage", by mutual agreement, must establish its model of coexistence. No impositions by third parties, without pre-conceived rules by an old and defaced company.
- Balance between salaries and employability. The agreements should not be exclusively sectoral, but incorporate variables such as employability that contribute to workers. The Employability should be rewarded; Higher employability favors professional growth, the generation of talent and labor mobility. It is not the same to develop talent and make it grow, than not to do it.
- Encourage wisdom to flow. Early retirement causes an extra burden on the State, which is difficult to justify. Large companies should be aware of the social problems of these practices. The State should intervene and not bear social charges without any justification. We must assume that life expectancy is greater and that many jobs no longer depend on the physical strength of the human being, but on their intellectual capacity. We must organize ourselves so that only those who, yes or yes, need it, retire early.
If we provide the labor market with ingredients that push us towards freedom, enthusiasm, flexibility and autonomy, we will achieve a more attractive market for all, generating a higher dose of enthusiasm and productivity and, above all, we will achieve more and more more workers see work as a source of happiness and self-realization.